DIY Shrub Pruning Tips For Gardeners
Shrub pruning can make a significant difference to the health and appearance of your plants. In addition to removing dead or damaged parts, you may also prune to eliminate unwanted growth, increase flower or fruit yield or improve shape. Knowing the right way to prune can mean the difference between an attractive garden and early plant demise. Here are some shrub pruning tips from one of the leading tree services in Toronto.
- Do not prune any flowering shrub in late summer or autumn. This might stimulate new growth which is susceptible to damage by cold temperatures.
- Prune spring flowering shrubs immediately after they bloom for maximum flowers the next year.
- Summer and early-autumn flowering shrubs should be pruned just as the growth starts in spring.
- Use good quality, sharp and clean tools. Clean your tools after pruning each plant to prevent spreading disease. A solution of one part chlorine bleach or rubbing alcohol with ten parts water is quite effective.
- Trim mature flowering shrubs every two to three years. Here is how homeowners can make shrub pruning effective:
- Begin by removing any dead or diseased wood.
- Select two to four of the oldest, largest stems which are equally spaced around the shrub.
- Make the cut as close to the base of the stem as possible.
- If you need to prune some of the younger stems it is preferable to cut branches that are crossing or rubbing against each other, then those that are crowding the centre.
- Maintain a balance of old and new, big and small stems during shrub pruning.
- When pruning a stem that is too long, cut just above a bud that is facing in the direction you want the new growth to go—usually toward the outside of the plant. This type of shrub pruning helps air circulation and looks natural.
- Never leave stubs above the buds as they will die.
- To rejuvenate an overgrown shrub cut back all stems to within 5 cms of the base in late winter or early spring before new growth starts. It can take a season or two for the plant to recover so you may not have flowers in the first year. Once the plant has returned to a normal size, go back to the regular two-to-three-year pruning regimen mentioned above.
Call Ontree at 416-412-2100 today for all your shrub pruning needs in Toronto.